FAST 2002 Abstract
Venti: a new approach to archival storage
Sean Quinlan and Sean Dorward,
Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies
This paper describes a network storage system, called
Venti, intended for archival data. In this system, a
unique hash of a block's contents acts as the block
identifier for read and write operations. This approach
enforces a write-once policy, preventing accidental or
malicious destruction of data. In addition, duplicate
copies of a block can be coalesced, reducing the
consumption of storage and simplifying the
implementation of clients. Venti is a building block for
constructing a variety of storage applications such as
logical backup, physical backup, and snapshot file
We have built a prototype of the system and present
some preliminary performance results. The system uses
magnetic disks as the storage technology, resulting in
an access time for archival data that is comparable to
non-archival data. The feasibility of the write-once
model for storage is demonstrated using data from over
a decade’s use of two Plan 9 file systems.
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