MobiSys '03 Abstract
The Lighthouse Location System for Smart Dust
Kay Römer, ETH Zurich
Smart Dust sensor networks - consisting of cubic millimeter scale sensor nodes capable of limited computation, sensing, and passive optical communication with a base station - are envisioned to fulfill complex large scale monitoring tasks in a wide variety of application areas. In many potential Smart Dust applications such as object detection and tracking, fine-grained node localization plays a key role. However, due to the unique characteristics of Smart Dust, traditional localization systems cannot be used. In this paper we present and analyse the Lighthouse location systems, a novel laser-based location system for Smart Dust, which allows tiny dust nodes to autonomously estimate their location with high accuracy without additional infrastructure components besides a modified base station device. Using an early 2D prototype of the system, node locations could be estimated with an average accuracy of about 2% and an average standard deviation of about 0.7% of the node's distance to the base station.
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